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Pehea e kanu ai i kaʻuala "Irbitsky" - heʻano nui a me ka hopena: hua kiʻi a me ka weheweheʻana

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No konaʻano pōkole, ua lanakila nā Iripitskyʻano'ailala i nā mea nui i waena o nā mea kanu.

E mahalo i kēia, ma mua o nā mea a pau, no nāʻanoʻano nani a nani loa, nā mea kiʻekiʻe a me ka maikaʻiʻole.

Hiki i kēia ālala ke hoʻololi i nāʻano ulu ulu a ua kūpono kūpono i ka hapanui o nā maʻi maʻi.

Hōʻikeʻanoʻano Irbitsky

Kapa inoaʻO Irbit
Nā kūlana kikowaenanāʻano pāʻani mua i ka papaʻaina a me nāʻano kūpono a me ka hoʻoponopono kūpono i nā kūlana
ʻO ka wā hōʻike65-70 lā
ʻO Kalikua kaʻoluʻolu12-17%
Ka pinepine o kaʻoihana kūʻai100-185 gr
ʻO ka nui o nā mea kanu i loko o ka nāhelehele6-10
E hāʻawi250-400 kg / ha
ʻO ka pono o ka meaʻaimaikaʻi maikaʻi, kūpono no kēlā me kēia pā
Kūkākūkā97%
ʻO kaʻili keleka puaʻa
Pulp ka pāka'ōlena
ʻO nā wahi kanu i makemakeʻiaVolgo-Vyatka, Siberian Komohana
ʻO ke kūlana maʻikahi kūpaʻa kūpono i ka phytophthora, kūpono i ka nematode cyst potato
Nāʻano o ka uluʻanake kūlana hanaʻenehana
Ka mea hoʻomaka"Europlant Pflanzenzucht GmbH" (Kelemānia)

ʻO ka'ōpala Irbitsky ka mea i kapaʻia i nāʻano o ka uluʻana ma waena, mai ka wā o ka uluʻana i ka germination, a laila, mai ka 70 a 90 mau lā. Ua kākauʻia ma ka moku'āina Moku'āina o ka Russian Federation no ka mahiʻai ma nā Volga-Vyatka a me ke Komohana Siberia, akā ua ulu nui hoʻi ma ka'āina o nā'āina'ē -ʻo Ukraine a me Moldova.

Mai hoʻokahi hectare o ka paeʻana mai ke kāhikoʻana mai ka 250 a 400 mau kikowaena o kēia pālala.

ʻO kekahi o nā hōʻailona koʻikoʻi e pili ana i ka kohoʻana i kahiʻano no ka mahiʻaiʻana,ʻo ia ka hua. Ma ka papa ma lalo nei eʻikeʻoe i kēiaʻano ma nāʻano likeʻole i hōʻikeʻia ma ko mākou pūnaewele:

Kapa inoaE hāʻawi
ʻO Irbit250-400 kg / ha
ʻO Santai ka 570 c / ha
Tuleyevsky400-500 c / ha
Ke Kanaka Waiwai450-600 centent / ha
ʻO Ilinsky180-350 c / ha
Kui200-480 c / ha
Laura330-510 c / ha
Blue-nānāi ka 500 kg / ha
Adrettai ka 450 kg / ha
ʻO Alvar295-440 c / ha

ʻOi kaʻokoʻa keʻano o ka pomipi Irbit super elite maikaʻi loa a loaʻa iā ia nā hoʻonohonoho papa.

ʻAʻole ia e hāʻawi i nā koi kūikawā no ka hanaʻana o ka lepo, akā, maikaʻi loa ka maikaʻi o kēlā mau'āina kahi i ulu ai nā mauʻu, ke olonā a mau makahiki paha. nā kumulāʻau leguminous a me nā hoʻoilo. I ka lepo one, hiki ke kanuʻia kēiaʻano kanu ma hope o ka lupine.

ʻO keʻano o keʻano i hiki ke hoʻomaʻamaʻa i ka paʻakikī a hiki ke palekana loa i kaʻino.

ʻO keʻano o ke kū'ēʻana i nā maʻi kūlohelohe e like me ka kanulau a ka potato, ka nematode hōkū koko potato, ka mea maʻamau, ka mosaic me ka mosaic banded, a me ka maʻi pale curling.

ʻO ke kumu kiʻekiʻe o nā mea kanu o kēia kanu he kiʻekiʻe ke kiʻekiʻe a me keʻano o ka uluʻana. Ua uhiʻia me nā lau o ka'ōmaʻomaʻoʻeleʻele uliuli me nāʻaoʻao āpau, aʻo ka nui o ia mea iʻoi aku ka lōʻihi. Hōʻikeʻiaʻo Corolla e ka nui a me ka lahilahi anthocyanin o kaʻaoʻao i loko.

No kēiaʻano kīhāhāʻuala hoʻopuni i nā kōʻili me nā maka liʻiliʻi. Ua uhiʻia lākou i kaʻulaʻula, kahi i uhiʻia ai kaʻiliʻulaʻula. Hiki ke kaumaha o ke kumu i keʻano o ka 108 a hiki i ka 190 karaka, aʻo ka mākia hana i loko o kēia pālaina aia ma ka 13.0-16.5%.

Ua hānaiʻia nāʻano Irbitsky e nā mea hoʻohui Russian i ka makahiki 2009.

ʻO ka kūpaʻa ka mea nui'ē aʻe no ka'ōlaʻi. Ma ka papa ma lalo nei eʻikeʻoe i kēia hōʻailona no nāʻano likeʻole o kaʻuala:

Kapa inoaKe kūkala
ʻO Irbit97%
Pākī97%
ʻO Zekura98%
Kubanka95%
ʻO Burly97%
Felox90%
Kaumua96%
Agatha93%
Natasha93%
ʻO ka wahine wahine92%
Uladar94%

Mālama maikaʻiʻia keʻano o nāʻano Irbit. E heluhelu hou e pili ana i ka manawa o ka mahana a me ka mālamaʻana, e pili ana i nā pilikia. A e pili ana hoʻi i ka mālamaʻana i nā aʻa i ka hoʻoilo, i nā mea huki a ma luna o ka pale hau, i loko o ka firika a'ōleʻa.

Hoʻokaʻaʻike

E nānā i ke kiʻi:ʻO ka potato potato

Ke ulu nei

ʻO ke kanuʻana i kēia māla i wehe honua i mālamaʻia i ka malamaʻo Mei. ʻO ka mamao ma waena o nā mea kanu he 60 mau kenimika, a ma waena o nā lālani - 35 kenimika.

Ke kanu, pono ke kanu i nāʻanoʻano i 8-10 mau kenimika. ʻO nā hana nui o nā mālama lāʻau i ka wā e ulu ana, pono ke wehe i ka lepo a me ka pihiʻana i nā mea kanu, a me ka weheʻana i nā nāhelehele a me ka hanaʻana, ka wai.

ʻO ka hohonu o ka wehe muaʻana mai 10 a 12 mau kenimika, a mahope iho - 6-7 keneta.

Pono e hanaʻia ka puʻuʻana i ka wā e hiki ai i nā mea kanu ke kiʻekiʻe he 15-17 keneta, a he 18-20 keneta ka lōʻihi o ka palu lepo. Pono e hanaʻia ka puʻupili ma hope o ka pauʻana o nā piko.

ʻAʻole pono ke hui pūʻia me ka hoʻohanaʻana i nā meaʻaila a me ka mea hoʻomehana honua. I hoʻokahi manawa, pono e hoʻokō i nāʻoihanaʻekolu.

E heluhelu hou e pili ana i ka hānaiʻana i nā mea kanu, ke pehea a me pehea e hoʻohana ai i ka meaʻai, pehea e hana ai i ka kanuʻana.

ʻO kahi wahi nui i ka mahiʻaiʻana i kaʻuala ua'ōwili i nā lāʻauʻokoʻa.

E heluhelu i nā mea a pau e pili ana i ka hoʻohanaʻana i nā herbicides, fungicides a me nā mea lāʻau.

ʻO nā maʻi a me nā meaʻeha

ʻO kēiaʻano o kaʻuala ʻaʻohe kūpono i nā maʻi iʻikeʻia. Eia nō naʻe, he pono iāʻoe kaʻike ma nā maʻi o ka pō. E heluhelu i nā mea a pau e pili ana i Alternaria, Fusarium, Scab, Verticillis.

Mai ka hopena o ka hoʻouka kaua, hiki iāʻoe ke ho'ōla me nā lāʻau lapaʻau. ʻO Bulatoes Irbitsky nā meaʻoihana kaulana no ko lākou ponoʻole.

E heluhelu hou aʻe e pili ana i ka paʻakai potato potato a me kona mau'ūhā, a me nā mea e kū'ē ai iā lākou - nā lāʻau me nā hōʻailona. A me nā mea a pau e pili ana i ka moa a me nā lāʻau lapaʻau e kū'ē iā ia, nā huawili a me nā ala e kāpae ai i kēia'ōpū.

Eia kekahi - ka maʻalahi o ka uluʻana, nā hua maikaʻi, nā huahana o nā huahana a me ka mea nui loa, a me ka maikaʻi maikaʻi mālama.

E heluhelu pū i nāʻano likeʻole o ka mea kanu i kaʻuala: i kaʻenehana Dutch, ka mea kanu me ka uʻiʻole a me ka puʻu, ma lalo o nā mauʻu, i nāʻeke a me nā pahu, i nā pahu, mai nā hua. A eia hoʻi, pehea e ulu ai i nāʻano ulu mua a pehea hoʻi e hoʻololi ai i kēia hana i loko o kaʻoihana.

Hoʻolako mākou iāʻoe e hoʻomaʻamaʻa iāʻoe iho i nāʻanoʻokoʻa'ē aʻe o kaʻuala eʻano likeʻole nā ​​hua'ōlelo:

ʻO ka hopenaWahi nui i ke kakahiakaKulahana
ʻO SonnyʻO DarlingKa mea kanu
PanaE ka Haku o nāʻauhauMeteor
ʻO RognedaʻO RamosPaʻi
ʻO GranadaʻO TaisiʻO Minerva
ʻO MagicianʻO RodrigoKiranda
LasockKa Red FantasyVeneta
ʻO ZhuravinkaJellyZhukovsky kakahiaka
NaniTyphoonRiviera

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